C. GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF CHINA PROPER
Province 16: Kwang-se [Guangxi]
The province of Kwang-se is bounded on the N. by Kwei-chow and Hoo-nan, on the E. by Kwang-tung, on the S. by the Gulf of Tonquin and Cochin-china, and on the W. by Yun-nan. It covers an area of 78,250 square miles, and its population is estimated at 7,313,895. The provincial capital is Kwei-ling Foo, or City of the Forest of Cinnamon Trees, and there are besides ten prefectural cities. In the south and east parts of the province the surface is mountainous, but is the north the mountains are exchanged for hills and plains. The principal rivers are the Se-keang, the course of which has been described above, and the Kwei-keang, or Cinammon River, which takes its rose in the district of Hing-gan, in the north of the province, and in the neighbourhood of that of the Seang River, which flows northward through Hoo-nan to the Tung-ting Lake. The Kwei-keang, on the other hand, takes a southerly course, and passes the cities of Kwei-lin, Yang-so Heen, Ping-lo Foo, Chaou-ping Heen, and so finds its way to Woo-chow Foo, where it joins the waters of the Se-keang. Another considerable river is the Lew-Keang, or Willow River, which rises in the mountains inhabited by the Meaoutsze, in the district of Yung-tsung, in Kwei-chow. Leaving its source it takes a south-easterly direction, and enters the city of that name, it flows south as far as Lew-ching Heen, where it forms a junction with the Lung-keang, or Dragon Rover. Adopting the tend of this last-named stream, which has its head-waters in Yun-nan, the mingled flow passes eastward, and further on in a south-easterly direction, by Lew-chow Foo, Woo-seuen Heen, and Sin-chow Foo, where it receives the waters of the Se-keang, and thenceforth changes its name for that of its affluent.
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