1902 Encyclopedia > Cumberland (city), United States

Cumberland (city), United States




CUMBERLAND, a city of the United States, capital of Alleghany county, Maryland, on the north bank of the Potomac river, 179 miles west of Baltimore. It contains a court-house, a county prison, a market-house, and several handsome churches ; and as the western terminus of the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal and the seat of a railway junc-tion, it enjoys excellent opportunities for trade. There are flour-mills and iron-furnaces in the neighbourhood; and an extensive factory for the manufacture of steel rails is main-tained by the Baltimore and Ohio railway company. A few miles to the west is the commencement of the great Cumberland coal region. Population in 1870, 8056.








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