W. MEMORIALS AND STATUES
The principal monuments are The Monument (1671-77), a fluted Doric column designed by Wren and erected in commemoration of the great fire, at a cost of 13,700 pounds; the nelson Column, Trafalgar Square, by Railton, erected (1843) at a cost of 46,000 pounds, a copy in granite from the temple of Mars Ultor, 145 feet in height, crowned with a statue of Nelson by Barry, and having at its base four colossal bronze lions modeled by Sir Edwin Landseer; the Duke of York Column, Carlton House Terrace (1833), and Ionic pillar 124 feet, designed by Wyatt, surmounted by a bronze statue by Westmacott; Westminster Column, erected to the memory of the old pupils of Westminster school who died in the Russian and Indian wars of 1854-59; the Guards Memorial, Waterloo Place, erected in honor of the foot guards who died in the Crimea; the Albert Memorial, Hyde Park, a highly decorated Gothic structure adorned with numerous rilievos and statues, erected from the designs of Sir Gilbert Scott at a cost of 120,000 pounds; Cleopatras Needle, presented to the Gvoernment by Mehemet Ali in 1819, brought from Alexandria in 1878, and erected on the Thames embankment on a pedestal of grey granite. Temple Bar, erected by Sir Christopher Wren (1670-72), was removed in 1877, but its site is at present occupied by an erection surmounted by a griffin.
The following is a list of the principal public statues: -
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