F. FURTHER READING ON SLAVERY
Bibliography - Slavery and the Slave Trade.
On the several branches of the subject of slavery and serfdom fuller information may be obtained from the following works, which have been amongst those used in the preparation of the preceding sketch.
On Ancient Slavery: H. Wallon, Histoire de lEsclavage dons lAntiquité, 3 vols 1847 2d ed. 1879; A. Boeckh, Public Economy of Athens, Eng. transl. by G. Cornewall Lewis, 1828, 2d ed. 1842; William Blair, Inquiry into the State of Slavery among the Romans, from the Earliest Period to the Establishment of the Lombards in Italy, 1833; Dureau de la Malle, Économie Politique des Romains, 2 vols., 1840; M. Troplong, De lInfluence du Christianisme sur le Droit Civil des Romains, 2d ed. 1855.
On Mediaeval Slavery and Serfdom: G. Humbert, article "Colonat" in the Dictionnaire des; Antiquités Grecques el Romaines of Daremberg and Saglio (now in course of publication); J. Yanoski, De lAbolition De lEsclavage Ancien au Moyen ge et de sa Transformation en Servitude de la Glèbe (Wallon and Yanoski had jointly composed a memoir to compete for a prize offered by the Academy of Moral and Political Sciences in 1837; Wallons portion of the memoir became the foundation of his Histoire de lEsclavage dans lAntiquité above mentioned; Yanoskis part, the expansion of which was prevented by his early death, was posthumously published in 1860; it is no more than a slight sketch); Benjamin Guérard, Prolegomènes au Polyptyque dIrminon, 1844; Fustel de Coulanges, Histoire des Institutions Politiques de lancienne France (only the first part has been published, 2d ed. 1877), and Recherches sur quelques Problèmes dHistoire, 1885 (the latter work contains the best extant discussion of the whole subject of the colonatus, founded throughout on the original texts); Stubbs, Constitutional History of England, 3 vols., 1874-78.
On the Colonial Slave Trade and Slavery: Washington Irving, Life and Voyages of Christopher Columbus, 1828, several times reprinted; Arthur Helps, Life ol Las Casas, 1868; Bryan Edwards, History, Civil and Commercial, of the British West Indies, 1793, 5th ed. in 5 vols. 1819; Thomas Clarkson, History of the Rise, Progress, and Accomplishment of the Abolition of the African Slave Trade by the British Parliament, 2 vols., 1808; T. Fowell Buxton, African Slave Trade, 2d ed.1 838, and The Remedy, a Sequel, 1840; Memoirs of Sir T. F. Buxton, edited by his son Charles Buxton, 3d ed. 1849.
On North American Slavery: G. M. Stroud, Laws relating to Slavery in America, 2d ed. 1856; H. Greeley, The American Conflict, 1865; and John E. Cairnes, The Slave Power, its Charac-ter, Career, and Probable Designs, 1862, 2d ed. 1863.
On Brazilian: Fletcher and Kidder, Brazil and the Brazilians, 9th ed. 1879.
On Russian Serfdom: D. Mackenzie Wallace, Russia, 1877.
For the existing state of the African slave trade, and of Egyptian and Turkish slavery, the Ismailia of Sir S. Baker, the writings of Livingstone, and the biographies of Gordon may be consulted, besides the many documents on these subjects published by the British and Foreign Anti-Slavery Society. There are two volumes by A. Tourmagne, entitled respectively Histoire de lEsclavage Ancien et Moderne, 1880, and Histoire du Servage Ancien et Moderne, 1879, which bring together many facts relating to slavery and serfdom; but they are somewhat loose and uncritical; the author, too repeats much, and dwells on many topics scarcely if at all connected with his main themes.
The largest and most philosophical views on slavery generally will be found in Humes Essay "On the populousness of Antient Nations," and in Contes Philisophie Positive, vol. v., and Politique Positive, vol. iii.
For the economic effects, when it is regarded as an organization of labour, reference may be had to Smiths Wealth of Nations, book iii. Chap. 2, J. S. Mills Political Economy, book ii. Chap. 5. and J. E. Cairnesss Slave Power, chap 2. (J. K. I.)
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The above article was written by: John Kells Ingram, LL.D., Litt.D.; formerly senior Fellow and Vice-Provost, Trinity College, Dublin; Prof. of English Literature, 1852; Regius Prof. of Greek, 1866; Librarian, 1879; author of On the Present Position and Prospects of Political Economy and Human Nature and Morals according to A. Compte.
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