Today in History - March 25
Gallant General MacDonald shoots himself
Greek patriots rise against Ottoman Empire
King Louis XII attacks Genoa with Swiss troops
-- Compiled by James Finlayson-Bald. Edited and illustrated by David Paul Wagner.
Major-General Sir Hector Archibald MacDonald (1853-1903), KCB, DSO.
Painting by Ernest H. Longdon.
On this date:
1507France' s King Louis XII attacked Genoa, Italy, with a Swiss array to restore order.
1634British colonists under Lord Baltimore reached Maryland in North America.
1815Austria, Britain, Prussia and Russia formed a new alliance against Napoleon Bonaparte to maintain established order in Europe.
1821Greek patriots began revolt against domination of Ottoman Empire, an uprising that lasted 12 years and won Greek Independence.
1883Revolution broke out in Haiti.
1903General Hector ("Fighting Mac") MacDonald died in Paris. Rising through the ranks he was a colour-sergeant at the time of the Afghan War. His bravery in that campaign saw him promoted to commissioned rank. He served in the Boer War, and at Majuba his bravery was so conspicuous that, taken prisoner, General Joubert returned his sword. He then spent time reorganising the Sudanese Brigade and led it with great distinction at the Battle of Omdurman. Ultimately he was sent to Ceylon in command of British forces there. Following an indiscretion he was recalled to London and invited by the War Office to go to Paris and shoot himself. This he very foolishly did. In 1907 a tower 100 feet high was erected in his memory at Dingwall. This would have amused him.
1918Claude Debussy, French Impressionist composer, died.
1924Greek Assembly exiled its Royal Family.
1957Treaties signed in Rome for the Common Market and Euratom by the "Six".
1969Pakistan's President Ayub Khan turned power over to the Military after 11 years of leadership.
1975Saudi Arabia's King Faisal was assassinated in Riyadh by Prince Museida, a nephew with a history of mental illness. Faisal's brother, Crown Prince Khaled, succeeded to the throne.
-- Bela Bartok, composer (1881-1945)
-- Elton John, Entertainer (1947- ).
Thought for today:
Personally, I have always looked on cricket as organised loafing.
William Temple, Archbishop of Canterbury.
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This article was compiled by James Finlayson-Bald.
It was edited and illustrated by David Paul Wagner (David Paul Wagner on Google+).