(D) HUMANS, ANIMALS, PLANTS
(e) Batrachians (Frogs, Salamanders, etc) in the Alps
Batrachians are more common than true reptiles. An Alpine frog attains the extreme limit of vegetation, and a toad ascends nearly as far. These have been considered by some as distinct species, by others as varieties of the common animals. At least one triton (T. Wurfbeinii) is peculiar to the Alps. The spotted salamander is common in the sub-Alpine region, but in the Eastern Alps it is replaced by S. atra, which is entirely black. This is sometimes found far above the limit of the pine forests.
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The Alps - Table of Contents