Today in History - March 12
Papal decree suppresses Order of the Knights Templar
Gutenberg pays one guider tax on his wine cellar
Anti-fascist academic Jesus de Galindez disappears from New York
-- Compiled by James Finlayson-Bald
The anti-Fascist writer and Basque leader, Jesus de Galindez, disappeared in 1956 after giving a class at Columbia University, New York. It is strongly suspected that he was abducted and executed by agents of General Trujillo, the then dictator of the Dominican Republic, about whom Galindez was writing an expose.
On this date:
604Saint Gregory the Great, Church Father and Pope, died.
1022St Simeon the New Thelogian, died.
1312A Papal Decree suppressed the Order of the Knights Templar and handed over all its wealth to the Hospitallers, after the civil authorities had recouped their costs of torturing and burning individual Knights. The Kings throughout Europe found that these cost had been remarkably high, (though the Dominicans and Franciscans did the actual work). The Hospital received little apart from real property.
1444Johann Gutenberg paid a tax of one guilder on his extensive (400 gallons) wine cellar.
1664New Jersey established as a British Colony by James, Duke of York, later King.
1773A Provincial Committee of Correspondence for action against the British was appointed by the Virginia House of Burgesses.
1814Bordeaux was taken by the Duke of Wellington.
1847Treaty of Lahore signed by the British at Rawalpindi after defeating the Sikhs.
1897French battleship Jena exploded.
1913Foundation laid at Canberra, Australia, for a new capital.
1930Mahatma Gandhi began a campaign of civil disobedience in India.
1934Japanese ship Tomozurv capsized off Nagasaki.
1935A speed-limit of 30mph is introduced for towns and other built-up areas in Britain.
1945Vienna State Opera House hit and burned by American bombs.
1947The "Truman Doctrine" for $400 million to combat communism in Greece and Turkey, delivered to Congress by President Truman.
1956Dr Jesus de Galindez, of Columbia University, vanished.
John Aubrey, antiquary and writer (1626-1697)
Vaslav Nijinsky, dancer (1890-1950).
Thought for today:
We need two kinds of acquaintances, one to complain to, while we boast to the others.
Logan Pearsall Smith.
The above article was written by James Finlayson-Bald.
Edited and illustrations added by David Paul Wagner.