1902 Encyclopedia > Martin Luther > Martin Luther - Further Reading

Martin Luther
(Part 4)


The books on the life and work of Luther are so very numerous that it is impossible to do more than mention one or two. The best editions of Luther’s works are (1) the Wittenberg, 1539-58, 19 vols. Folio (7 in Latin and 12 in German; Melanchthon wrote the prefaces, and inserted a life of Luther in the beginning of the 2d vol.); (2) Walch’s edition, 24 vols. 4to,1740-53; (3) the Erlagen edition, 65 vols. and 2 vols. Of indices, in all 67 vols., in German and 33 vols. In Latin, and not yet complete, 1826-73; (4) the last edition is from Frankfort-on-the-Main, publishing at the example of the Prussian Government.

Luther’s letters have been collected and edited by (1) De Wette and Seidemann, L. Briefe, æ vols., 1825-56; (2) this emendated by Burkhardt, Luther’s Briefwechsel, (1866; (3) Seidemann, Lutherbriefe, 1859.

The Table Talk was translated (1) by Williams Hazlitt, 1848, and (2) by Bindseil, Colloquia, &., 3 vols. Last published 1866.

Lives of Luther: (1) J. Mathesius, Historic von D. M. Luther’s &c., Nuremberg, 1566; (2) Cochlæus, Acta et Srcipta Luther’s, Paris, 1565 (Roman Catholic and abusive); (3) Merle d’ Aubigne, Hist. of the Rcf., vols. i. – iii., &c.; (4) Michelet, Life of Luther (his statements about himself collected), translated by Hazlitt, 1846 and 1862; (5) Croly, Life of Luther, 1857; (æ) Julius Köstlin, Martin Luther, sein Leben, &c.,2 vols., 1875. The last is the best; it has been summarized for popular reading in one volume, with interesting illustrations, 1882.

The Times of Luther: (1) Ranke, Deutsche Geschichte im Zeitalter d. Ref., æ vols., 1st ed. 1839-47, reached a 6th ed., Eng. transl. by Sarah Austin, 1845-47; (2) Löscher, Reformations Akta, Leipsic, 1720; (3) Häusser, The Period of the Reformation, 2 vols., 1873; (4) Seebohm. Era of the Protestant Revolution, 1877 (a very short but good and clear summary of events). (T. M. L.)

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The above article was written by Rev. Thomas M. Lindsay, D.D., Principal and formerly Professor of Divinity and Church History, United Free Church, Glasgow; translated Ueberweg's System of Logic; author of The Reformation, and of commentaries on Acts of the Apostles and St Luke's Gospel.

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