1902 Encyclopedia > Aeronautics

Aeronautics


"Aeronautics" Article - Table of Contents

INTRODUCTION
Part 1. Gradual Discovery of Navigation. Analogy Between Navigation and Flying Only Vague.

EARLY ATTEMPTS IN ANCIENT WORLD AND EARLY MODERN PERIOD
Part 2. Aerostatic Attempts by Ancient Greeks and Romans. Daedalus and Icarus. Archytas.
Part 3. Aerostatics in the Dark Ages (Middle Ages).
Part 4. Attempts at Flying. Borelli Shows Impossibility of Man Flying With Wings. Sailing in the Air. Albert of Saxony. Francis Mendoza. Caspar Schott.
Part 5. Alchemical Notions. Lauretus Laurus. Cyrano de Bergerac. Cardan Fabry.
Part 6. Francis Lana. Joseph Galien. False Ideas Relating to Atmosphere.
Part 7. Confused Ideas of Francis Bacon on Aeronautics.

FIRST BALLOON ASCENTS IN FRANCE
Part 8. Discovery of the Balloon: the Brothers Montgolfier.
Part 9. Ascent of the First Balloon: MM. Robert and Charles.
Part 10. Ascent of a Sheep, a Cock and a Duck. Ascent of M. Pilâtre de Rozier and the Marquis d'Arlandes.
Part 11. Ascent of MM. Charles and Robert in Hydrogen Balloon. Ascent of Seven Persons in Lyons. American Aerostatic Experiment (1783).
Part 12. Remarks on Discovery of the Balloon. Dr Black's Experiments. Cavallo: Inflated Soap Bubbles With Hydrogen Gas (1782).

BALLOON ASCENTS IN ENGLAND
Part 13. First Ascents of Balloons in England. Andreani. Blanchard.
Part 14. James Tytler. Vincenzo Lunardi.
Part 15. Other Ascents in England. Blanchard and Jeffries Cross the Chanel. Fate of Zambeccari.
Part 16. Fate of Pilâtre de Rozier. Female Aeronauts. Ascent at Constantinople.

BALLLOON ASCENTS FOR PLEASURE
Part 17. Most Subsequent Attempts Undertaken for Pleasure, and No Permanent Value. Substitution of Coal Gas for Hydrogen by Charles Green.
Part 18. Subsequent Famous Ascents (Non-Scientific). Equestrian Ascents.

NADAR. GODDARD. TRANSATLANTIC ATTEMPT.
Part 19. Felix Nadar's Balloon.
Part 20. Eugene Godard's Large Fire Balloon.
Part 21. Projected Balloon Voyage Across the Atlantic in 1873.

CELEBRATED AERONAUTS. FATAL BALLOON ACCIDENTS. NUMBER OF BALLOONISTS.
Part 22. Celebrated Aeronauts.
Part 23. Balloon Accidents that Terminated Fatally.
Part 24. The Number of Persons Who Have Ascended in Balloons.

BALLOON ASCENTS FOR SCIENCE
Part 25. Scientific Ascents. Ascent of M. Sacharof.
Part 26. Ascents of Gay-Lussac and Biot.
Part 27. Ascents of Bixio and Barral.
Part 28. Ascents of Mr Welsh.
Part 29. British Association Appoints Balloon Committee. James Glaisher's Balloon Ascents.
Part 30. Glaisher's Ascents (cont'd): Objectives of Experiments; Instruments and Apparatus; Observing Arrangements.
Part 31. Glaisher's Ascents (cont'd): July 17, 1862; August 18, 1862.
Part 32. Glaisher's Ascents (cont'd): August 20 and 21, 1862; September 1, 1862.
Part 33. Glaisher's Ascents (cont'd): September 5, 1862 (Greatest Height Ever Reached)
Part 34. Glaisher's Ascents (cont'd): April 18, 1863; June 26, 1863.
Part 35. Night Ascents of James Glaisher.
Part 36. Results of Experiments Conducted During Glaisher's Balloon Ascents. Ascents of Flammarion, 1867-68.

BALLOONS AND WAR
Part 37. Use of Balloons for Military Purposes: Battle of Fleurus; Battle of Solferino.
Part 38: Balloons in the American Civil War. Balloons in the Siege of Paris, 1870-71.


PARACHUTES
Part 39. Parachutes: History of their Development. Blanchard. Garnerin. Kuparento.
Part 40. Fatal Parachute Descent of Cocking. Narrow Escape of Green and Spencer. Mr Hampton's Parachute Descents. Descending Balloon Takes the Parachute Form.

ATTEMPTS TO BUILD FLYING MACHINES. AERONAUTICAL SOCIETY FOUNDED.
Part 41. Flying Machine and Navigable Balloons. Dupuy de Lôme's Navigable Balloon. Henson's Aerial Carriage.
Part 42. Aeronautical Society of Great Britain.


THEORY OF AERONAUTICS
Part 43. Theory of Equilibrium of the Balloon.
Part 44. Mathematical Theory of the Motion of the Balloon.
Part 45. Motion of the Balloon.
Part 46. Motion of a Balloon Full at Starting.
Part 47. Principle of the Fire Balloon.
Part 48. Height of the Balloon Determined by Readings of the Barometer and Thermometer.

BALLOON CONSTRUCTION
Part 49. Construction of a Balloon.

PRACTICAL ADVICE ON AEROSTATION (BALLOONING)
Part 50. Practice of Aerostation (Ballooning).

FURTHER READING
Part 51. Further Reading on Aerostation (Ballooning).



The above article was written by: James Glaisher, F.R.S., F.R.A.S., author of Travels in the Air.


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