1902 Encyclopedia > Agriculture

Agriculture

"Agriculture" Article - Table of Contents

I. HISTORICAL SUMMARY
Part 1. Historical Summary (from Antiquity to 16th C. AD)

Part 2. Early Works on Agriculture (16th C. - 1688 AD)
Part 3. Laws relating to Agriculture and the Rural Economy (16th C. - 1688 AD)
Part 4. Progress of Agriculture from 1688 to 1760

II. RECENT BRITISH AGRICULTURE
Part 5. Progress during the Eighteenth Century
Part 6. Remarkable Progress from 1795 to 1815
Part 7. Progress since 1815: Laws Affecting Agriculture. Cattle Murrain and Potato Disease.
Part 8. Progress since 1815: Leading Improvements
Part 9. Progress since 1815: Increase and Diffusion of Agricultural Knowledge

III. PRACTICE OF BRITISH AGRICULTURE

Part 10. Introduction. Soils.
Part 11. Influence of Climate. Influence of Population, etc.

IV. FARM BUILDINGS

Part 12. General Requisites. Plans.
Part 13. Principles of Arrangement

V. FENCES

Part 14. Benefit of Fences

Part 15. Varieties of Fences

VI. MACHINES AND IMPLEMENTS OF HUSBANDRY

Part 16. Recent Improvements
Part 17. Ploughs
Part 18. Grubbers, etc.
Part 19. Steam Power Tillage Improvements
Part 20. Harrows
Part 21. Rollers. Breast Plough and Trenching Fork.
Part 22. Implements for Sowing. Manure Distributors.
Part 23. Horse Hoes. Turnip Thinners.

Part 24. Harvesting Implements. Mowing Machines. Haymakers. Horse Rakes.

Part 25. Wheel Carriages. Road Engines.
Part 26. Machines for Preparing the Crops for Market: (a) Steam Engines
Part 27. Machines for Preparing the Crops for Market (cont.): (b) Thrashing Machines. (c) Winnowing Machines.
Part 28. Corn Bruiser and Grinding Mill. Cake Crushers. Chaff Cutters.
Part 29. Turnip Cutters. Turnip Pulpers. Steaming Apparatus for Cooking Cattle Food.
Part 30. Weighing Machines. Concluding Remarks on Implements.

VII. PREPARATION OF THE LAND FOR TILLAGE OPERATIONS

Part 31. When Required. Draining.
Part 32. Removal of Earthfast Stones. Paring and Burning.

Part 33. Levelling. Trenching.

VIII. TILLAGE OPERATIONS

Part 34. Ploughing
Part 35. Harrowing, etc.
Part 36. Fallowing

IX. SUCCESSION OF CROPS

Part 37. Rotation Necessary
Part 38. Restrictive Clauses in Leases Hurtful
Part 39. Experiments at Rothamstead and Lois Weadon

X. MANURES

Part 40. Farmyard Dung
Part 41. Liquid Manures
Part 42. Guano

Part 43. Bones

Part 44. Rape Cake, etc. Blood, etc.
Part 45. Night Soil
Part 46. Sea Weed. Manure Crops. Lime. Marl. Shell Marl.
Part 47. Chalk. Shell Sand and Limestone Gravel. Gypsum. Burnt Clay.
Part 48. Soot. Salt.
Part 49. Nitrate of Soda. Potash. Artificial Manures.

XI. CULTIVATED CROPS - GRAIN CROPS

Part 50. Introduction. Wheat.
Part 51. Barley
Part 52. Oats. Rye.

Part 53. Leguminous Crops - Beans. Leguminous Crops - Pease [Peas].
Part 54. Other Crops
Part 55. Harvesting of Grain Crops and Preparing Them for Market.

XII. CULTIVATED CROPS - ROOT CROPS

Part 56. Potato
Part 57. Turnips
Part 58. Mangel-Wurzel
Part 59. Carrot. Parsnip. Jerusalem Artichoke.
Part 60. Crops Analogous to Drilled Root Crops - (a) Cabbage
Part 61. (b) Rape. (c) Kohl-Rabi.

XIII. CULTIVATED CROPS - HERBAGE AND FORAGE CROPS
Part 62. Grasses, etc.

Part 63. Natural Meadow Grass

Part 64. Italian Ryegrass
Part 65. Crimson Clover. Red Clover.
Part 66. Vetches
Part 67. Beans. Mustard.
Part 68. Sainfoin
Part 69. Lucerne. Chicory, etc.
Part 70. Gorse or Whin. Tussac Grass.
Part 71. Haymaking

XIV. CULTIVATED CROPS - CROPS OF LIMITED CULTIVATION

Part 72. Flax

Part 73. Hops

Part 74. Sugar Beet
Part 75. Chicory (for its Roots). Oil-Yielding Plants.
Part 76. Seeds of Agricultural Crops

XV. LIVESTOCK - HORSES

Part 77. Breeds
Part 78. Breeding of Cart Horses
Part 79. Feeding and General Management of Cart Horses

XVI. LIVESTOCK - CATTLE

Part 80. Breeds - (a) Heavy Breeds
Part 81. Breeds - (b) Dairy Breeds
Part 82 .Breeds - (c) Mountain Breeds
Part 83. Farm Management of Cattle

XVII. LIVESTOCK - SHEEP

Part 84. Introduction. Breeds - (a) Heavy Breeds; (b) Down and Forest Breeds.
Part 85. Breeds (cont.) - (c) Mountain Breeds; (d) Cross Breeds.
Part 86. Mangagement of Lowland Sheep
Part 87. Mangagement of Mountain Sheep
Part 88. Wool

XVIII. LIVESTOCK - GOATS, ETC.

Part 89. Goats
Part 90. Hogs

Part 91. Poultry

Part 92. Treatment of Livestock under Disease

XIX. IMPROVEMENT OF WASTELANDS

Part 93. Introduction. Improvement of High-Lying Sheep Pastures.
Part 94. Reclaiming of Moorlands
Part 95. Reclaiming of Bogs
Part 96. Reclaiming of Fenlands. Blowing Sands.

XX. GENERAL OBSERVATIONS

Part 97. Of the Tenure of Land
Part 98. Capital Required for Working a Farm. Education of Farmers.
Part 99. Farm Labourers
Part 100. What the Legislature Should Do for Agriculture

Part 101. Concluding Remarks

XXI. LARGE AND SMALL FARMING

Part 102. Introduction. Tenancies at Will and Leases.
Part 103. Large Farming
Part 104. Small Farms
Part 105. Peasant Proprietors
Part 106. Metayage
Part 107. Agricultural Cooperation



The above article was written by: William Thomas Thornton, C.B.; Secretary for Public Works to the India Office; author of Over-Population and the Remedy, A Plea for Peasant Proprietors, On Labour, Old-fashioned Ethics, or Common Sense Metaphysics, and some volumes of verse.




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