1902 Encyclopedia > Biology

Biology

"Biology" Article - Table of Contents

INTRODUCTION
Part 1. Biology. Scope of Biology. Properties of Living Matter.
Part 2. Life Conditioned by Moisture. Life Conditioned by Temperature.
Part 3. Life and Organisation. Classification of the Phenomena of Life.

I. MORPHOLOGY
Part 4. Morphology - Introduction. (1) Most Plants and Animals Are Aggregates of Cells.
Part 5. Morphology - Introduction: (2) Cell Development a Process of Differentiation.

Part 6. Morphology - Introduction: (3) Modes of Cell Differentiation.
Part 7. Taxonomy (Classification of Morphological Facts)
Part 8. Artificial and Natural Classification in Taxonomy

II. DISTRIBUTION
Part 9. Geographical Distribution. Geological Distribution.
Part 10. Continuity of Succession of Forms in Life and Time. Geographical Distribution of Ancient Faunae and Florae.

III. PHYSIOLOGY
Part 11. Living Beings as Machines. Machines in Action. Classification of Functions.
Part 12. Physiological Units. Organs. Muscles. Nerves.
Part 13. Division of Physiological Labour. Conditions of Existence of Living Matter.
Part 14. Reproduction by Fission and Gemmation. Agamogenesis.
Part 15. Sexual Reproduction (Gamogenesis).
Part 16. Immediate Consequences of Fecundation.
Part 17. Hereditary Transmission. Variation.
Part 18. The Alteration of Generations. Individuality.

IV. AETIOLOGY
Part 19. Causes of the Phenomena of Life. Origin of Living Matter -- Abiogenesis and Biogenesis.
Part 20. Abiogenesis and the Doctrine of Evolution. Persistent Types of Life.
Part 21. Evolution. The Origin of Species. The Causes of Variation.
Part 22. Development a Recapitulation of Ancestral History. Phylogeny. Palaeontology the Historical Basis of the Doctrine of Evolution.



The above article was written by Thomas Henry Huxley, M.D., LL.D., F.R.S., President of the Royal Society, 1883-85; Professor of Natural History in the Royal School of Mines, London, 1854; author of Theory of the Vertebrate Skull, The Physical Basis of Life, Introduction to the Classification of Animals, Lay Sermons, Elementary Physiology, etc.





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