1902 Encyclopedia > Schools of Painting > List of Painters Classified According to their Schools

Schools of Painting
(Part 15)




List of Painters Classified According to their Schools in Chronological Order

The following lists give the chief painters classified according to their schools in chronological order.

1. ITALIAN SCHOOLS

(i) Lucca and Pisa
Lotharius and Rnuccius of Lucca, known only from a document, a treaty with Pisa, signed by them in 1228.
Bonaventura Berlinghieri, fl. 1235-44.
Enrico of Pisa, miniatures, fl. 1238.
Marco Berlinghieri, miniatures in a MS. Bible, fl. 250.
Barone Berlinghieri, several crucifixes, fl. 1240-84.
Deodati Orlandi of Luca, fl.1288-1301.
Giunta Pisano, first half of the 13th century
Turino Vanni, second half of the 14th century
The names of many other Pisan painters of the later part of the 13th century are recorded in documents, but no paintings by them are known to exist.

(ii) Siena
Guido da Siena, fl. 1220.
Diotisalvi, fl. 1270
Duccio di Buoninsegna, fl. 1305.
Simone di Martino, c. 1285-c. 1344.
Lippo Memmi, d. c. 1357.
Berna, fl. early 14th century.
Pietro Lorenzetti, fl. c. 1320 - c. 1348.
Ambrogio Lorenzetti, Pietro's brother, fl. 1330, d. c. 1348.
Niccolo di Segna, fl. 1342.
Jacopo di Mino, fl. 1342.
Lippo Vanni, fl. fl. 1350 - c. 1376.
Niccolo di Buonoaccorso, fl. 1350 - 88.
Bartolo di Fredi, fl. 1358 - 1410.
Luca di Tommè, fl. 1367.
Paolo di Giovanni, fl. 1380.
Meo da Sienna, fl. 1380.
Taddeo di Bartolo, 1363-1422.
Andrea di Bartolo, fl. 1380, d. 1428.
Gregorio Cecchi, fl. 1400.
Martina di Bartolomeo, fl. 1403, d. 1433.
Domenico di Bartolo, d. 1449.
Stefano di Giovanni, fl. 1428, d. 1450.
Giovanni di Paolo, c. 1403-1482.
Sano di Pietro, 1406-81
Lorenzo di Pietro (Vecchieta), 1410-80, better known as a sculptor.
Matteo di Giovanni, 1420-95.
Benevenuto di Giovanni, 1436-1518.
Francesco di Giorgio, b. 1439.
Nercoccio di Landi, 1447-1500.
Pietro di Domenico, 1457-1501.
Bernardino Fungai, 1460-1516.
Andrea di Niccolo, 1460-1529.
Girolamo di Benvenuto, 1470-1624
Giacomo Pacchiarotto, b. 1474.
Girolamo del Pacchia, 1477 to after 1521.
Giov. Ant. Bazzi (Sodoma), 1477-1549; though not of the Sienese school, he had much influence on the Sienese painters in the early part of the 16th century.
Baldassare Peruzzi, 1481-1537.
Domenico Micharino (Beccafumi), 1486-1550.
The most important Sienese painters during the second half of the 16th and the 17th centuries were Arcangiolo Salimbeni, Alessandro Casolani, Pietro Savi, Ventura Salimbeni, Francesco Vanni, Francesco Rustici, Rutilio Maneti, Astolfo Petrazzi, and Raffaello Vanni.

(iii) Florence
Andrea Tafi, 1213-1294 (Vasari)
Coppo di Marcovaldo, fl. 1261-75
Gaddo Gaddi, 1239-1312 (according to Vasai).
Giovanni Gualtieri (Cimabue), 1240 - ? 1302.
Giotto di Bondone, 1276-1337.
Taddeo Gaddi, ? 1300 to after 1366.
Puccio Capanna, first half of 14th century.
Buonamico Christofani (Buffalmacco), first half of 14th century.
Giovanni Jacobi da Milano, fl. 1365.
Giottino (real name doubtful), first half of 14th century.
Jacopo Landini, c. 1310 - c. 1390.
Agnolo Gaddi (son of Taddeo Gaddi), 14th cenutry.
Andrea Orcagna, c. 1316 - c. 1376), and his brothers Lionardo (fl. 1332 - 47) and Jacopo
Franceso Traint, chief of Orcagna's pupils, fl. 1341 - 45)
Antonio Longhi (Veneziano), fl. 1370 - 87)
Gherardo Starina, 1354, d. after 1406.
Giuliano d'Arrigo (Pesello)m 1367 to after 1427.
Tomaso di Fini (Masolino), b. 1383.
Lorenzo Monaco, fl. 1404 - 13
Fra Angelico (Guido di Vicchio), 1387-1455.
Andea del Castagno, 1390-1457)
Paolo Uccello, c. 1396 - 1475.
Tommaso di S. Giovanni (Masaccio), 1402-29)
Fra Lippo Lippi, c. 1412 - 69)
Franceco di Pesello (Pesellino), 1422-57.
Alesso Baldovinetti, 1422-99.
Domenico Veneziano, fl. 1438, d. 1461.
Benozzo Gozzoli, 1424, d. after 1485.
Andrea Verrocchio, 1432 - c. 1483.
Antonio Pollaiuolo, 1433-98.
Cosimo Rosselli, 1439-1507.
Luca Signorelli (Da Cortona), 1441-1523; his principal pupil was Girolamo Genga, 1476-1551.
Pietro Pollaiuolo, 1443, d. before 1496.
Sandro Botticelli, 1447-1515.
Domenico Bigordi (Ghirlandaio), 1449- 94). His works were closely imitated by his pupil and brother-in-law Bastiano Mainardi.
Lorenzo di Credi, 1459-1537. His chief scholar was Sogliani, 1492-1544.
Filippino Lippi, 1460-1504.
Piero di Cosimo, 1462-1521.
Raffaellino del Garbo, 1466-1524.
Francesco Granacci, 1469-1543.
Giuliano Bugiardini, 1471-1554.
Mariotto Albertinelli, 1474-1515.
Fra Bartolomeo della Porta, 1475-1517.
Michelangelo Buonarroti, 1475-1504.
Francesco di Cristofano (Francia Bigio), 1482-1525)
Ridolfo Ghirlandaio, 1483-1560.
Andrea del Sarto, 1487-1531. His scholar Puligo closely imitated his style.
Jacopo Carucci da Pontormo, 1494-1557.
Guilio Clovio of Dalmatia, miniaturist, 1498-1578.
Angelo Bronzino, 1502-72.
Marcello Venusti, d. c. 1580.
Daniele di Volterra, 1509-66.
Francesco de' Rossi (called Del Salviati), 1510-63.
Giorgio Vasari, art historian, 1512-74.

Alessandro Allori, 1535-1607.
Orazio Lomi de' Gentileschi, 1562-1646.
Cristoforo Allori, 1577-1621.
Carlo Dolci, 1616-86.
The other Florentine painters of the later part of the 16th and 17th centuries are of little importance.

(iv) Umbria
Oderisio of Gubbio, miniaturist (Dante, Pur., xi. 79) fl. 1264-c.1299.
Guido Palmerucci (Gubbio), 1280-c. 1345.
Allegreto Nuzi, fl. 1346-85.
Gentile da Fabriano, b. between 1360 and 1370, d. 1450.
Ottaviano Nelli, fl. 1410-34.
Lorenzo da San Severino, b. 1374, fl. 1400.
Piero Borghese (Della Francesa), c. 1415 to after 1494.
Fra Carnovale, pupil of P. Borgese, second half of 15th century.
Benedetto Bongigli, fl. 1450-96.
Niccolo of Foligno, fl. 1458-99
Lorenzo da San Severino the younger, fl. 1480-96.
Melozzo da Forli, 1438-94.
Florenzo di Lorenzo, fl. 1470-99.
Giovanni Santi (father of Raphael), pupil of Melozzo da Forli, d. 1494.
Pietro Vannucci (Perugino), 1446-1524.
Bernardino da Betto (Pinturicchio), 1454-1513.
Marco Palmezzano of Forli, c. 1456, d. after 1537.
Andrea Alvovigi (L'Ingegno), fl. 1484.
Lodovico Angeli, fl. 1481 - 1506.
Giovanni di Pietro (Lo Spagna), fl. 1503, d. in or before 1530.
Giannicola Manni, fl. 1493, d. 1544.
Timoteo Viti, 1469-1528.
Raphael Sanzi, 1483-1520; belinged to the Perugian school only during the first few years of his career.
Less important Umbrian painters of the 15th century were Giov. Boccati, Girolamo di Giovanni, Matteo da Gualdo, Bartolomeo di Tommaso, and Pietro Antonio, also a number of third-rate painters who belonged to the school of Perugino.

(v) Padua
Guariento, fl. 1316-65.
Justus of Padua (Giusto Giovanni), c. 1330-1400, apparently a follower of Giotto.
Francesco Squarcione, 1394-1474.
Gregorio Schiavone, second half of 15th century.
Andre Mantegna, 1431-1506. His chief pupils were his son Francesco (b. c. 1470, died after 1517), Carlo (called) del Mantegna, Giov. Franc. Carotto, and Francesco Bonsignori of Verona (1455-1519).
Bartomoleo Montagna (fl. 1487, d. 1523), a pupil of Mantegna and Gian. Bellini, founded a school at Vicenza, to which belonged Giovanni Speranza and Benedetto Montagna, the latter an able engraver.

(vi) Arezzo
Margaritone di Magnano (according to Vasari), 121693.
Mantano di Arezzo, fl. 1305-10.
Jacopo di Casentino, c. 1310 - c. 1390.
Spinello di Luca (Aretino), chief pupil of Casentino, c. 1330 - 1410.
Bicci di Lorenzo, fl. 1420, c. 1452.
Bartomoleo della Gatta, c. 1410 - 91. His pupils Domenico Pecori and Niccolo Soggi were men of but little talent.





(vii) Venice
Niccolo Semitecolo, fl. 1351-1400.
Lorenzo Veneziano, fl. 1357-79.
Jacobello del Fiore, fl. 1400-39.
Johannes Alemannus, probably of Cologne, fl. 1440 sq.
Jacopo Bellini, 1395-1470; and his two sons- Gentile Bellini (1421-1507) and
Giovanni Bellini (1426-1516). Giovanni’s closest imitator was Niccolo Rondinelli.
Giovanni Vivarini of Murano, fl. 1440-47
Antonio Vivarini, fl. 1140-70.
Bartolomeo Vivarini, fl. 1459-98.
Alvise Vivarian, fl. 1464-1503.
Antonello da Messina, c. 1444- c. 1493.
Carlo Crivelli, fl. 1468 to after 1500.
Mansueti, fl. 1494-1500.
Vittore Carpaccio, c. 1450 to after 1522. His chief pupil was Lazzaro Sebastiani.
Marco Marciale, fl. 1492-1507.
Marco Barsaiti, fl. 1470-1520.
Francesco Torbido (Moro), 1486-1546.
Vicenzo Catena, fl. 1495, d. after 1581.
Cima da Conegliano, fl. 1489-1517.
Macrino d'Alba, fl. 1495-1508.
Bartolomeo Veneziano, fl. c. 1505-30.
Marco Belli, fl. 1511.
Francesco Bissolo, fl. 1500-28.
Pellegrino da San Daniele, c. 1465-1547.
Andrea Previtali, fl. 1506, d. 1528.
Lorenzo Lotto, c. 1476-1555.
Giorgio Barbarelli (Giorgione), 1477-1511.
Tiziano Vecellio, 1477-1576.
Jacopo Palma (Vecchio), 1480-1528.
Giov. Ant. Licinio (Pordenone), 1483-1539.
Sebastiano Luciani (Del Piombo). 1485-1547.
Girolamo da Treviso, 1497-1544.
Bonifacio. There have been three painters of this name, - Bonifacio of Verona, d.1540, another Veronese Bonifacio, d. 1553, both pupils of Palma Vecchio, and a Venetian, who was painting after 1579, probably a son of one of the elder Bonifacios.
Girolamo da Santacroce, fl. 1520-48.
Paris Bordone, 1500-71.
Jacopo da Ponte (Bassano), 1510-92. Four of his sons were painters.
Jacopo Robusti (Tintoretto), 1512-94.
Bernardino da Pordenone, 1520-70.
Andrea Schiavone, 1522-82.
Paolo Cagliari (Veronese), 1528-88.
Battista Zelotti, c. 1532 - 92.
Jacopo Palma (Giovane), 1544-1628.
Alessandro Varotari (Padovanino), 1590-1650.
Sebastiano Ricci, 1660-1784.
Giov. Batt. Tiepolo, 1696-1770.
Antonio Canale (Canaletto), 1697-1768.
Francesco Zuccherelli, 1702-93.
Francesco Guardi, 1712-93.
Bernardo Bellotto, 1720-80, nephew of Canaletto and a close imitator of his style.

(viii) Brescia
Vincenzo Foppa, fl. 1450-66 (see also Milan).
Vincenzo Civerchio of Crema, fl. 1495-1540.
Fioravante Ferramola, end of 15th cent.
Girolamo Romani (Il Romanino), c. 1486 - c. 1566.
Girolamo Savoldo, c. 1487 to after 1540.
Alessandro Buonvicino (Morett), 1498-1555.
Giov. Batt. Moroni of Bergamo, c. 1525-78.

(ix) Verona
Turone da Verona, fl. 1360.
Altichiero da Zervio and Giacomo degli Avanzi, 14th century. The other Veronese painters of the 14th century were of little artistic power.
Vittore Pisano (Pisanello), 1380-c. 1455. His chief pupils were Stefano da Zevio, Giovanni Oriolo, and Bono of Ferrara (see Ferrara).
Domenico Morone, d. after 1503.
Liberale da Verone, 1451-1536.
Francesco Bonsignori, 1455-1519.
Niccolo Giolfino, c. 1465 to after 1518.
Francesco Morone, 1473-1529.
Girolamo dai Libri, 1474-1556.
Paolo Morando (Cavazzola), 1486-1522.
Paolo Veronese and his imitator Battista Zelotti, a native of Verona, belong rather to the Venetian school.

(x) Ferrara
Cosimo Tura, 1430 - ? 1496.
Francesco Cossa, latter part of 15th century.
Bono da Ferrara, fl . 1461, pupil of Pisanello.
Francesco Bianchi, c. 1445-1510.
Ercole Grandi (or Roberti), 1445, d. before 1513.
Giovanni Oriolo, fl. 1449 to after 1461, pupil of Pisanello.
Lorenzo Costa, 1460-1535, belongs rather to Bolognese school.
Gian. Battista Bartucci, fl. c. 1506.
Dosso Dossi, 1480-1560. His brother Gianbattista was also a painter.
Lodovico Mazzolino da Ferrara, 1478 - ? 1530.
Francesco Zaganelli da Cotignola, fl. 1505-18, and his brother Bernardino.
Benevenuto Tisio (Garofalo), 1481-1559.
Giovanni Battista Benvenuti (L'Ortholano), early part of the 16th century.
Girolamo Carpi, 1501-56.

(xi) Bologna
Guido da Bologna, fl. 1177.
Ventura, fl. 1197-1217.
Ursone, fl. 1226-48.
Vitale da Bologna, fl. 1320-50.
Lippo Dalmasii, fl. 1376 to after 1410.
Simone (called) de' Crocifissi, fl. 1370.
Giacomo degli Avanzi, fl. later part of 14th century, also classed with Veronese school.
Jacopo di Paolo, early 15th century.
Marco Zoppo, fl. 1471-98.
Francesco Raifolini (called Francia after his master), 1450-1517.
Lorenzo Costa of Ferrara, 1460-1535.
Francesco Primaticcio, 1504-70.
Ludovico Caracci, 1555-1619.
Agostino Caracci, 1558-1601
Annibale Caracci, 1560-1609.
Guido Reni, 1575-1642.
Francesco Albani, 1578-1660.
Domenico Zampieri (Domenichino), 1581-1641.
Fransceco Barbieri (Guercino), 1591-1666.
Guido Cagnaccio, 1601-81.
Pier Fran. Mola, 1612-68.
Elizabetta Sirani, 1638-65.

(xii) Modena and Parma
Tommaso da Modena, fl. 1350-60.
Barnabo da Modena, fl. 1360-80.
Jacopo Loschi, fl. c. 1460.
Cristoforo Caselli, fl. 1499.
Lodovico da Palma, pupil of Francis of Bologna, early 16th century.
Mazzuola, three brothers, Michele, Pierlario, and Filippo, early 16th century.
Antonio Allegri (Corregio), 1493-1534, closely connected with the Ferrara school.
Francesco Mazzuola (Parmagiano), 1504-40. His pupil Girolamo Mazzuola closely imitated his works.

(xiii) Cremona
Francesco Tacconi, fl. 1464-90.
Altobello Melone, fl. 1515-20.
Boccaccio Boccaccino, fl. 1406, d. 1525.
Guilio Campi, 1500-72.

(xiv) Milan
Vincenzo Foppa, fl. 1450-66 (see also Breschia)
Ambrogio Bevilacqua, fl. 1486.
Vincenzo Civerchio (see Breschia), closely connected with early Milanese school.
Francesco Bianchi (Il Frare), 1447-1510.
Bernardo Zenale da Treviglio, d. after 1521.
Leonardo da Vinci, 1452-1519. To his school belong Bernardino Luini (c. 1470 to after 1530), Sodoma (1477-1549), Andrea da Solario (c. 1458 to after 1515), and more directly Gian. Pietrino, Ambrogio Preda, Cesare da Sesto (1480-1521), Marco d'Oggione (c. 1470-1549), Andrea Salaino, and Giov. Ant. Beltraffio (1467-1516).
Ambrgio da Fossano (Borgognone), 1455-1523; his two brothers were his pupils and assistants.
Bartomoleo Suardi (Bramantino), (fl. 1495-1529) and Gaudenzio Ferrari (1485-1549) were also influenced by Leonardo.
Ferrari's chief pupils were:-
Bernardino Lanini (c.1508-c. 1578) and Giov. Paolo Lomazzo, the Milanese art historian, whose Trattato della Pintura was published in 1584. Ambrogio Figino was an able scholar of Lomzzo, together with Cristoforo Ciocca.
Ercole Procaccini, 1520-90.
Bernardino Campi, 1522-90.
Camillo Procaccini, 1546-1626.
Giov. Batt. Crespi, 1557-1633
A number of inferior Milanese painters lived in the 16th century.

(xv) Rome
Raphael Sanzio, 1483-1520, who in his early youth belonged first to the Perugian and then to the Florentine school, was the founder of the so-called Roman school, which at first consisted almost wholly of his pupils.
Giov. Fran. Penni (Il Pattore), 1488-1528.
Innocenzo da Imola, 1490-1549.
Polidoro da Caravaggio, 1495-1543.
Giulio Pippi de’ Giannuzzi (Romano), 1498-1546.
Perino del Vaga, 1500-47.
Federigo Barocci, 1528-1612.
Cesare d’Arpino, 1567-1640.
Bartolomeo Schedone, 1580-1615.
Giov. Landranco, 1581-1647.
Bart. Manfredi, 1581-1617.
Pietro da Cortona, 1596-1669
Andrea Sacchi, 1598-1661.
Gianbattista Salvi (Sassoferrato), 1605-85
Carlo Maratta, 1625-1713.
Paolo Pannmi, 1691-1764.

(xvi) Naples
The names of Simone Napoletano, Colantonio, and other native painters who were supposed to have worked in the 14th and 15th centuries appear to be those of wholly mythical personages.
Michelangelo da Caravaggio, 1569-1609.
Giuseppe Ribera (Lo Spagnaletto), 1588- ? 1656.
Aniello Falcone, 1594-1665.
Salvator Rosa, 1615-73.
Luca Giordano, 1632-1705.

2. GERMAN SCHOOL
Wilhelm of Herle or William of Cologne, fl. 1358, d.c. 1378.
Stephen Lochner, fl. 1442, d. 1451.
Master of Liesborn, fl. 1465.
Michael Wohlgemuth, 1434-1519.
Master of the Lyversberg Passion, fl. 1463-80.
Israel von Meckenen, c. 1440-1503.
Martin Schonganer, 1450-88.
Matthias Grünewald, c. 1460 to after 1529.
Master Christophorus, fl. 1500-10.
Master of the Death of the Virgin, fl. 1515, d. 1556.
Hans Holbein the elder, c. 1460-1523, and his brother Sigmund Holbein, c. 1465 to after 1540.
Albrecht Dürer, 1471-1528.
Lucas Cranach, 1472--1553.
Hans Burckmair, 1473-1473-1531
Hans Fuss (Von Kulmbach), pupil of A. Dürer, d. c. 1522.
Albrech Altdorfer, b. before 1480-1538.
Hans Leonhard Schaunfelin, 1490-1540.
Hans Holbein the younger, 1497-1543.
Hans Sebald Beham, 1500-50, and his brother Barthel Beham, 1502-c. 1540
Heinrich Aldegrever, 1502-58.
Virgil Solis, 1514-62.
Lucas Cranach the younger, 1515-86.
Jost. Amman, 1531-91.
Heinrich Golzius, 1558-1617.
Johann Rottenhammer, 1564-1623.
Adam Elshaimer, 1618-80.
Joachim von Sandrart, 1606-88.
Balthasar Denner, 1685-1747.
Christ. Will. Ernst Dietrich, 1712-74.
Anton Raphael Mengs, 1728-78.
Peter von Cornelius, 1783-1867.
Johann Fried. Overbeck, 1789-1869.
Fried. Wil. von Schadow, 1789-1862.
Julius Schnorr, 1794-1872.
Wilhelm von Kaulbach, 1805-74.
Karl Fried. Lessing, 1808-80.

3. FLEMISH SCHOOL
Melchior Broederlam, fl. 1382-c. 1400.
Hubert van Eyck, b.c. 1366, d after 1426
Jan van Eyck, younger brother of Hubert, d. after 1440.
Margaret van Eyck, a younger sister of the above, died soon after Hubert.
Petrus Christus, a pupil of the Van Eycks, fl. 1447-71.
Dierick Bouts, c. 1391-1475.
Roger van der Weydne the elder, c. 1400-64.
Gerard van der Meire, c. 1410 to after 1474.
Hans Memling, c. 1430, d. before 1495.
Roger van der Weyden the younger, c. 1450-1529.
Hugo van der Goes, fl. 1467, d. 1482.
Justus of Ghent, fl. 1451-70.
Gheerardt David, c. 1455-1523.
Quintin Matsys, 1466-1531.
Jan Gossart de Mabuse, 1470-1532.
Bernard van Orley, 1470-1541.
Jan Mostert, 1474-1556.
Henri de Bles, 1480 - c. 1550.
Joachim da Patinir, b. between 1485 and 1490, d. 1524.
Jan van Schoreel, 1495-1562.
Michiel Coxcie, 1499-1592.
Lambert Lombard (Sustermann), 1506 to after 1566.
Marinus a Romerswale, fl. 1535 to after 1567.
Pieter Pourbus, 1510-83.
Antonij Mor (Antonio Moro), 1512-77.
Pieter Breughel, c. 1520-69.
Paul Bril, 1556-1626.
Pieter Breughel, 1564-1637.
Peter Paul Rubens, 1577-1640.
Frans Snyders, 1579-1637.
Kasper de Cayer, 1582-1669.
David Teniers, 1582-1649.
Jan (called "Velvet") Breughel, c. 1589 - c. 1642.
Jacob Jordaens, 1593-1678.
Lucas van Uden, 1595-1672.
Anton Vandyck, 1599-1641.
Adriaan van Utrecht, 1599-1652.
Philippe de Champaigne, 1602-74.
Jan van Essen, 1606-65.
Jan Fyt, 1609-61.
David Teniers the younger, 1610-94.
Jacobus van Artois, 1613 to after 1684.
Gonzales Coques, 1614-84.
Pieter van der Faes (Sir Peter Lely), 1618-90.
Abraham Teneirs, 1629-71.
Gerard van Lairesse, 1641-1711.
Jean François Millet, 1642-80.
Cornelis Huysmans, 1648-1727.
Jan van Bloemen, 1662-1740.
A large number of Flemish painters, many of them pupils of Rubens, lived in the 17th century, but they are of little importance.






4. DUTCH SCHOOL
Albert van Ouwater, early part of of 15th century.
Gerard of Haarlem, end of 15th century.
Hieronymus van Aeken, c. 1460-1518.
Lucas (Jacobsz) van Leyden, 1494-1533.
Jan van Schoren 1496-1562.
Marten van Heemskerck (1498-1574), Cornelis van Haarlem (1562-1638), Cornelis van Poelenburg (1586-1667) and Gerard van Honthorst (1592-?1666), though Dutch by birth, were feeble imitators of Italian schools.
Frans Hals, 1584-1666.
Thomas de Keyser, c. 1595-c. 1660.
Cornelis Janssen, c. 1596-1665.
Jan van Goyen, 1596-1656.
Jan de Heem, 1603-50
Albert Cuyp, 1605-91.
Rembrandt van Rijn or Ryn, 1606-69.
Emanuel de Witte, 1607-92.
Jan Wynants, d. after 1674.
Gerhard Terburg, 1608-81.
Salomon Koning, 1609-68.
Jan Both c. 1610-56, and his younger brother Andries Both.
Adrian van Ostade, 1610-85.
Ferdinand Bol, 1611-81.
Bart. Van der Helst, 1613-70.
Gerhard Dou, 1613-75.
Aart van der Neer, c. 1619 to after 1691.
Philip de Koninck, 1619-89.
Philip Wouverman, 1619-68.
Jan Battista Weenix, 1621-60.
Isaac van Ostade, 1621-49.
Gerbrandtvan der Eckhout,1621-74.
Nicholas Berchem, 1624-83.
Paul Potter, 1625-54.
Jacob Ruysdael, 1625-81.
Jan Steen, 1626-79.
Karel Dujardin, 1630-78.
Gabriel Metsu, 1630 to after 1667.
Ludolf Backhuizen, 1631-1709.
Nicholas Maes, 1632-93.
Pieter de Hooch, 1632-81.
Jan van der Meer, 1632-95.
Willem Vandevelde the younger, 1633-1797.
Jan Vandez Capelle, c. 1635 to after 1680.
Frans vn Mieris the elder, 1635-81. His sons were both painters.
Melchior de Hondecoeter, 1636-95.
Jan Hackaert, c. 1636-1708.
Jan van der Heyden, 1637-1712.
Meindert Hobbema, 1638-1709.
Adrian Vandervelde, 1639-72.
Gaspard Netscher, 1639-84.
Daniel Mytens the younger, c.1644-c.1688.
Jan Weenix, 1644-1719.
Jan van Huchtenburg, 1646-1733.
Van der Plaas, 1647-1704.
Wil. der Mieris, 1662-1744.
Jan van Huysum, 1682-1749.
Frans van Mieris the younger, 1689-1763.
Jan van Os, 1744-1808.
A large number of mostly third-rate painters existed in the 16th or 17th centuries.

5. SPANISH SCHOOL
Antonio del Rincon, 1446-1500.
Alonso Beruguete, 1480-1561.
Luis de Vargas, 1502-68.
Juan de Juanes (Vicente Joanes), 1506-79. His chief pupil was Borras.
Luis de Morales, c.1510-86.
Alonso Sanchez Coello, c.1512-90.
Gasper Becerra, 1520-70.
Francisco de las Roelas, 1558-1625.
Francisco Pachero, 1571-1654.
Francisco de Herrera he elder, b. 1576, and his son known as Francsico "El Mozo."
Eugenio Caxes, 1577-1642.
Juan de Ribalta, 1597-1628.
Francisco Zurbaran, 1598-1662.
Diego Velazquez de Silva, 1599-1660.
Franscisco Collantes, 1599-1556.
Espinosa, 1600-80.
Alonso Cano, 1601-67.
Juan carrelo de Miranda, 1674-85.
Bartolome Esteban Murillo, 1618-82.
Juan de Valdes, 1630-91.
Claudio Coello, 1635-93.
Francsico Goya, 1746-1828.
Mariano Fortuny, 1838-74.

6. FRENCH SCHOOL
René, king of Anjou, 1408-80, learned painting in Italy, and is said to have practiced the art in France.
Jean Fouquet, b. between 1415 and 1420, belongs also to the Italian school
Jean Clouet of Tours, fl. 1480; his son Jean Clouet the younger, c. 1485-1545, and grandson Francois Clouet (Janet).
Jean de Gournmoun, fl. 1557.
Jean Cousin, c. 1500-c. 1589.
Ambroise Dulbois, 1543-1615.Antoine le Nain, and his brother Louis, fl. 1629-77.
Simon Vonet, 1590-1649.
François Perrier, 1590-1656.
Nicolas Poussin, 1594-1665.
Jacques Stella, 1596-1657.
Jacques Blanchard, 1600-38.
Valentin de Boullongne, 1600-34.
Claude Gelée (Lorrain), 1600-82
Charles Antoine Dufresnoy, 1611-65.
Pierre Mignard (Le Romain), 1612-95.
Gaspar Dughet (called Poussin after his brother-in-law Nicolas), 1613-75.
Eustache le Sueur, 1616-55.
Sébastien Bourdon, 1616-71.
Charles le Brun, 1619-90.
Jacques Courtois (Le Bourguignon), 1621-76.
Jean Jouvenet, 1644-1717.
Jean Baptiste Santerre, 1651-1717.
Inferior French painters who worked in the 17th and 18th centuries were the Boullongne (father and two sons), Nicolas de Largillière, Hyacinthe Rigaud, Nicolas Lancret Pierre Subleyas, Carl van Loo, Claude Vernet, and Madame le Brun.
Antoine Watteau, 1684-1721.
Jean Baptiste Pater, 1699-1736.
François Boucher, 1704-70.
Jean Baptiste Greuze, 1725-1805.
Jean Honoré Fragonard, 1732-1806.
Jacques Louis David, 1748-1825. He carried to its highest point the dull psuedo-classic style inaugurated by Joseph-Marie Vien, 1716-1809.
Many other painters of fourth-rate talent worked and obtained much popularity throughout the 18th century.
Pierre Paul Prud’hon, 1758-1823.
François Marius Granet, 1775-1849.
Jean Augustin Ingres, 1780-1867.
Horace Vernet, 1789-1863.
Theodore Géricault 1791-1824.
Léopold Robert, 1794-1835.
Ary Scheffer, 1795-1858.
Paul Delaroche, 1797-1856.
Eugène Delacroix, 1799-1863.
Alexandre Gabriel Decamps, 1803-60.
Théodore Rousseau, 1812-67.
Jean François Millet, 1814-75.
Henri Regnault, 1843-71.

7. BRITISH SCHOOL
Nicholas Hilliard, 1547-1619 (miniaturist)
Isaac Oliver, 1555-1617 (miniaturst).
George Jamesone, 1586-1644, pupil of Rubens (portraits).
Peter Oliver, 1601-60 (miniaturist).
Robert Walker, de.c. 1660 (portraits).
Samuel Cooper, 1609-72 (portraits).
John Hoskins, d. 1664 (portraits).
William Dobson, 1610-46, follower of Vandyck.
Isaac Fuller, d. 1672 (portraits).
Henry Stone, 1616-53 (portraits).
Robert Streater, 1624-80 (portraits).
Henry Anderton, 1630 to after 1665 (portraits).
John Riley, (1646-91 (portraits).
Sir Peter Lely, came to England in 1641.
Sir Godfrey Kneller, 1646-1723 (portraits)
John Greenhill, 1649-76 (portraits).
John Michael Wright c. 1655-1700.
Jonathan Richardson, 1665-1745 (portraits).
Charles Jervas, 1675-1739 (portraits).
Sir James Thornhill, 1676-1734 (wall decoration).
William Aikman, 1682-1731.
William Hogarth, 1697-1764 (satirist).
S. Scott, d. 1772.
Francesco Zuccarelli, 1701-88 (landscape).
Thomas Hudson, 1701-79, Reynolds’s master.
James Wootton, d. 1765 (animals).
Three brothers Smith of Chickester, 1707-66 (landscape)
Francis Hayman, 1708-66.
Allan Ramsay, 1709-84.
Richard Wilson, 1713-82, founder of the English school of landscape.
Sir Joshua Reynolds, 1732-92 (portraits).
George Stubbs, 1724-1806 (animals).
Francesco Bartolozzi, 1725-1815 (engravber).
Francis Cotes, 1725-70.
Paul Sandby, 1725-1809 (water-colour).
Thomas Gainsborough 1727-88 (portraits and landscape).
Nathaniel Hone, 1730-84 (miniatures).
Nathaniel Dance, second half of 18th century.
Joseph Wright of Derby, 1734-97 (night scences).
George Romney, 1734-1802 (portraits).
Johann Zoffany, 1735-1810.
John Singleton Copley, 1737-1815.
Benjamin West, 1738-1820.
Richard Cosway, 1740-1821 (miniatures).
Angelica Kaufmann, 1741-1807 (portraits).
Hackert, 17451-1800 (water-color.)
James Barry, 1741-1806.
Henry Fuseli, 1741-1825.
Mary Moser, 1744-1819 (flower painter).
David Allan 1744-96.
James Northcote, 1746-1831.
F. Wheatley, 1747-1801 (water-color).
John Smith, 1750-1812 (water-color)
Robert Smirke, 1752-1845.
John Webber, 1752-93 (water-color)
John Cozens, 1752-99 (water-color)
Thomas Bewick, 1753-1828 (wood engraver).
Sir George Beaumont, 1753-1827 (portraits).
Sir William Beechey, 1753-1839.
Henry Bone, 1755-1834 (miniatures on enamel).
Gilbert Stuart, 1755-1828.
Thomas Stothard, 1755-1834.
Sir Henry Raeburn, 1756-1823 (portraits)
James Gillray, 1757-1815
William Blake, 1757-1828 (poetry)
T. Towlandson, 1757-1827 (caricaturist)
John Hoppner, 1759-1810.
John Opie, 1761-1807
Edward Bird, 1762-1819.
Samuel Woodforde, 1763-1817.
George Morland, 1764-1804 (animals).
N. Pococke, 1765-1821.
John (Old) Crome, 1769-1821, founder of the Norwich school of landscape.
Sir Thomas Lawrence, 1769-1830 (portraits).
H. Howard, 1769-1847.
James Ward, 1769-1859 (landscape)
Thomas Phillips, 1770-1845.
Sir Martin Shee, 1770-1850.
George Clint, 1770-1854
H.W. Williams, 1773-1829 (classical buildings).
Henry Thomson, 1773-1843.
Thomas Girtin, 1773-1802 (landscape)
Thomas Hargreaves, 1775-1846 (miniatures).
John Mallord William Turner, 1775-1851.
John Constable, 1776-1837 (landscape)
John Varley, 1777-1842 (water-color)
John James Chalon, 1777-1854
John Christian Schetky, 1778-1874 (marine)
John Jackson, 1778-1831 (landscape0
William Payne, fl. 1786-90 (water-color).
John Thomson, 1778-1840
James Laurent Agasse of Geneva, c 1779-1846.
Sir Augustus Callcott, 1779-1844.
Andrew Wilson, 1780-1848.
Alfred Chalon, 1780-1800 (water-color)
J. S. Cotman, 1780-1843 (water-color)
John Simpson, 1782-1847
Sir William Allan, 1782-1850 (portraits).
C. Wild, 1782-1835 (water-color)
Thomas Uwins, 1782-1857.
De Wint, 1783-1849 (water-color)
Samuel Prout, 1783-1825 (water-color)
Sir David Wilkie, 1785-1841.
W. Hilton, 1786-1839.
B. R. Haydon, 1786-1846
Will. Mulready, 1786-1863.
A. Fraser, 1786-1865.
George Jones, 1786-1869.
William Etty, 1787-1849.
Copley Fielding, 1787-1855 (landscape)
Sir J. Watson Gordon, 1788-1864.
W. Collins, 1788-1847.
John Martin, 1789-1854 (imaginative landscape).
Sir John Gordon, 1790-1865.
H. P. Briggs, 1792-1844.
John Linnel, b. 1792.
Francis Danby, 1793-1861.
David Cox (senior), 1793-1858 (water-color).
Sir Chalres Eastlake, 1793-1865.
G.S. Newton, 1794-1835.
C.R. Leslie, 1794-1859.
J.F. Herring, 1795-1865.
David Roberts, 1796-1864 (architecture and landscape).
Clarkson Stanfield, 1798-1867 (landscape).
James Holland, 1800-70.
George Cattermole, 1800-68 (water-color).
William Simson, 1800-47 (water-color).
R. P. Bonington, 1801-28.
Sir Edwin Landseer, 1802-73 (animals).
George Lance, 1802-64 (still life).
Sir Francis Grant, 1803-78.
Horatio Macculloch, 1805-67 (landscape).
Sir Daniel Macnee, 1806-82.
William Dyce, 1806-64.
Sir Goerge Harvey, 1806-76.
John Fred Lewis, 1806-76 (Oriental scenes).
Thomas Duncan, 1807-45.
Joseph Nash, 1807-78 (architecture).
Aaron Penley, 1807-70 (water-color)
Thomas Creswick, 1811-69 (landscape)
Edw. Will. Cooke, 1811-80 (marine)
Daniel Maclise, 1811-70.
Will. James Muller, 1812-45 (water-color)
William Brodie, 1815-81.
James Drummond, 1816-77.
A.L. Egg 1816-63.
John Phillip, 1817-67
Thos. Seddon, 1821-56 (Pre-Raphaelite).
Samuel Bough, 1822-78 (landscape).
Thos. Leeson Rowbotham, 1823-75 (water-color).
Dante Gabriel Rossetti, 1828-82 (PreRaphaelite).
John Samuel Raven, 1829-77 (landscape).


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